I. surplus sur‧plus 1 [ˈsɜːpləs ǁ ˈsɜːr-] noun
1. [countable, uncountable] ECONOMICS an amount of something that is more than what is wanted, needed, or used:

• Sugar prices fell after revised estimates of the surplus for the current crop year.

surplus of

• There is a current housing surplus of approximately 500,000 properties.

ˈbudget ˌsurplus [countable] ECONOMICS
when spending, usually by a government, is less than the amount of money received in taxes or other income during a particular period:

• The government, which is running a healthy budget surplus (= is spending much less than it is receiving ) , must spend billions of dollars to build apartments, roads, and other infrastructure.

ˈcapital ˌsurplus
1. [countable] ECONOMICS FINANCE when a company or country has more money for investment than it needs:

• It makes financial sense to borrow in capital surplus countries and lend to countries where capital is relatively scarce.

2. [countable] INSURANCE the difference between the amount of money received by insurers from customers paying for policies, and the amount paid out for claims:

• They must report a $70 million capital surplus next year or face closure by state regulators.

conˈsumer ˌsurplus also ˈbuyers' ˌsurplus
[uncountable] ECONOMICS the amount of money someone is willing to pay for something, minus the amount they actually paid for it:

• If you would be willing to spend £2,000 on a holiday, and paid £1,200, you would be obtaining £800 of consumer surplus.

2. [countable, uncountable] FINANCE in mutual S (= insurance companies etc that do not have shareholders) the profit for a particular period of time, or from several periods of time, that has not been paid out to members:

• The life insurance company had capital and surplus totaling $459.2 million.

3. [countable] FINANCE in insurance companies and pension fund S, the amount by which the money held is more than they have to pay out in claims or pensions:

• The steelworks pensioners joined the fight to get a share of a £300 million British Steel pension surplus.

4. [countable] also balance of payments surplus or external surplus ECONOMICS the amount by which the money coming into a country is more than the money going out in a particular period of time:

• A country that has a balance of payments surplus may receive payment from the debtor's foreign exchange reserves.

ˈtrade ˌsurplus also ˌbalance of ˈtrade ˌsurplus [countable, uncountable] ECONOMICS
a surplus related to imports and exports, rather than other payments:

• We must rebuild manufacturing so as to generate a balance of trade surplus.

trade surplus with

• China has enjoyed a trade surplus with Japan.

  [m0] II. surplus surplus 2 adjective
more than is needed or wanted:

• Many businesses relocated, surplus space having become available because of the recession.

• Those employees will become surplus, and costly to retain.

* * *

   The difference occurring when income or revenue is greater than expenditure. Opposite of deficit.
   ► See also Deficit.

* * *

surplus UK US /ˈsɜːpləs/ noun [C or U]
an amount that is more than is needed: a surplus of sth »

The plant had a surplus of components.

ACCOUNTING, ECONOMICS the amount of money that you have left when you sell more than you buy, or spend less than you receive: »

The savings will create a surplus of a little more than $24 million.


The overall gap continues to reflect a deficit in the trade of goods and a surplus in services.

Compare DEFICIT(Cf. ↑deficit)
in surplus — Cf. in surplus
See also BUDGET SURPLUS(Cf. ↑budget surplus), BUYER'S SURPLUS(Cf. ↑buyer's surplus), CONSUMER SURPLUS(Cf. ↑consumer surplus), STRUCTURAL SURPLUS(Cf. ↑structural surplus), TRADE SURPLUS(Cf. ↑trade surplus)
surplus UK US /ˈsɜːpləs/ adjective
more than is needed or used: »

As the economy slowed, companies that had invested surplus funds in the stock market found their returns dwindling.


The form of the payout of surplus cash to investors will be revealed in May.

Financial and business terms. 2012.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • surplus — [ syrply ] n. m. • v. 1090; de sur et plus 1 ♦ Ce qui excède la quantité voulue. ⇒ excédent, excès, reste. Le surplus d une somme d argent. En surplus. ⇒ supplément. ♢ Écon. Excédent de l offre par rapport à la demande, conduisant à une baisse… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • surplus — sur·plus / sər ˌpləs/ n 1 a: an amount that remains when a use or need is satisfied b: an excess of receipts over disbursements c: the value of assets after subtracting liabilities 2: an excess of the net worth of a corporation over the par value …   Law dictionary

  • Surplus — may refer to:* budget surplus, the opposite of a budget deficit * in economics, economic surplus (including producer surplus and consumer surplus), and capital surplus * an excess of production or supply over demand (see supply and demand) *… …   Wikipedia

  • surplus — SURPLÚS, surplusuri, s.n. Ceea ce este în plus, ceea ce depăşeşte necesarul; prisos, excedent. – Din fr. surplus. Trimis de ionel, 29.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  SURPLÚS s. excedent, plus, prisos, prisosinţă, (reg.) radăş, (înv.) prisoseală,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Surplus — Sur plus, a. Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient; as, surplus revenues; surplus population; surplus words. [1913 Webster] When the price of corn falleth, men give over surplus tillage, and break no more ground. Carew. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • surplus — (n.) late 14c., from O.Fr. surplus, from M.L. superplus excess, surplus, from L. super over SUPER (Cf. super) + plus more (see PLUS (Cf. plus)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • surplus — Surplus, Ce qui reste, Quod superest, Superfluum. Le surplus ou surcroist qu on baille d avantage outre la mesure, Corollarium, Additamentum, Auctarium. Au surplus, Ad haec, Praeterea, Insuper …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • surplus — / sə:pləs/, it. /sur plus/ s. ingl. [dal fr. surplus sovrappiù ], usato in ital. al masch. 1. (econ.) a. [differenza positiva tra entrate e uscite] ▶◀ attivo, avanzo, plusvalenza, utile. ◀▶ passivo, perdita. b. [ciò che è in più] ▶◀ avanzo,… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • surplus — n *excess, superfluity, surplusage, overplus Analogous words: *remainder, residue, residuum Antonyms: deficiency surplus adj *superfluous, supernumerary, extra, spare Contrasted words: *needful …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • surplus — [adj] extra de trop, excess, in excess, leftover, odd*, over, remaining, spare, superfluent, superfluous, supernumerary, too much, unused; concepts 560,781,824 Ant. essential, lacking, necessary, needing, wanting surplus [n] extra material… …   New thesaurus

  • surplus — [sʉr′plus΄, sʉr′pləs] n. [ME < OFr < sur , above (see SUR 1) + L plus, more (see PLUS)] 1. a quantity or amount over and above what is needed or used; something left over; excess 2. a) the excess of the assets of a business over its… …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”